面试中怎样应对隐私问题

作者:未知   发布时间:2010-06-28  来源:网络
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    More than half of job seekers today have been asked an illegal question during a job interview. 
    如今有超过一半的求职者在面试过程中被问及非法的问题。

    That eye-opener comes from a Yahoo! HotJobs online poll, in which 62% of respondents reported being on the receiving end of a question about a verbotentopic, such as one's religion or marital status. Almost a third (32%) had not been asked such a question, and 7% said they didn't know.
    这份让人大开眼界的事实来自雅虎上的一份公开的在线民意调查,有62%的参与者声称在面试结束时曾经遭遇过被问及禁忌的话题,比如宗教或婚姻状况等。大约有三分之一未曾被问及过此类问题,而7%的人则声称不知道自己是否被问及了该类问题。

    The poll results suggest it's worth reviewing what's appropriate and not. Interviewers are not supposed to ask about:
    这份民意调查的结果显示求职者有必要弄清楚哪些是正当问题,哪些不是。面试官不应该问及:

    1) Your age  你的年龄

    2) Your race or ethnic background  你的种族背景

    3) Gender or sex  性别

    4) Marital status  婚姻状况

    5) Country of national origin or birthplace   民族血统或者出生地

    6) Whether you have children (or plan to)  你是否有小孩(或是否计划生小孩)

    7) Your religion 你的宗教信仰

    Merely asking the questions isn't necessarily against the law, according to the U.S. Equal Opportunity Employment Commission (EEOC). But the questions could become a matter for investigation if a candidate complains of unlawful discrimination during the hiring process. 
    美国就业机会均等委员会(EEOC)认为仅仅只是问这些问题并不违法。但是如果候选人在招聘过程中投诉自己遭遇了非法的歧视,那这些问题则会成为调查的重点。

    Consider the Context
    考虑下被问及的内容

    If you find yourself being asked a question that is inappropriate, assessthe situation before reacting. Lynn Perry Parker, an employment attorney in Rockville, Maryland, suggests that you try to keep a sense of humor and not over-react, which could possibly jeopardize the employment relationship.
    如果你发现自己被问及了不恰当的问题,在抗议之前先评估一下情形。Rockville, Maryland的就业律师Lynn Perry Parker建议你可以保持幽默,并且不要反应过度,因为反应过度会破坏雇佣关系。

    "Not all technically inappropriate questions are asked for improper purposes," Parker says. "For example, questions about marital status happen all the time. In many cases the interviewer is simply trying to put the job applicant at ease by getting to know the applicant as a person and to determine whether the applicant's personality is a good fit for the company.
    Parker 说:“并非所有招聘者提出这些不恰当的问题都是不怀好意的。比如,面试中经常会问及婚姻状况。很多情况下,招聘人员只是想谈些私人方面的事情让候选人放松,并借此来判断该候选人是否适合他们公司。”

    "There is nothing illegal about that and, in fact, is an important objective of any interview," she adds.
    她补充说:“这没有什么不合法的,实际上这也是任何面试的重要目标之一。”

    How You Can Respond 你该如何应对

    Here are few options for handling inappropriate questions:
    以下有些应对不恰当问题的措施

    You can answer the question. This option may work if you're not bothered by the question and don't suspect it was asked with an improper motive.
    你可以回答这个问题。如果类似的问题不会让你觉得恼怒、你也不会怀疑提问者抱有不纯的动机的话,你就可以回答。

    You can tactfullypoint out that the question is illegal. Your interviewer may not even know that he or she has crossed a line. But if you feel uncomfortable with the question and the context in which it was asked, you can politely but assertivelystate that you don't believe the question is relevant to your qualifications.
    你可以巧妙地指出该问题是不合法的。面试官可能都没意识到自己越界了。但是如果你对他们的提问或谈话的内容感到不舒服,你可以礼貌但不要蛮横地指出你认为这个问题和自己的资历并无关联。

    You can alert another member of the hiring team. Parker says, "A single interviewer can spoil an applicant's chances, so it is imperativethat others in the decision-making process know what may have motivated a negative report."
    你可以告诉招聘团中的其他成员。Parker说:“一个面试官可能会毁掉一位求职者的机会,所以在面试决策过程中必须有人要知道什么可能会引起负面报道。”

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