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翻译考试笔译初级练习题及答案(第二套)

作者:   发布时间:2015-03-10  来源:考试吧
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翻译考试笔译初级练习题及答案(第二套)

 英译中

  Head Injuries

  Alice was a B-plus student through her first three years at college. During the winter holidays in her senior year, while she was driving during a storm, her car ran off the road and hIT a tree. Alice banged her head on the steering wheel but never lost consciousness. She was treated for bruises and discharged from the hospITal wIThin a day.

  But, back at her studies, she began to have difficulties. Suddenly her As and Bs were becoming Cs. She had trouble remembering what she'd read and was irrITable and easily distracted.

  Alice was referred to a neuropsychologist for further examination. Although her IQ hadn't changed and standard neurological tests were normal, detailed neuropsychological tests showed she was having memory problems. She could still process new information, but IT took longer than before and she became "overloaded" if she tried to do too much at once.

  Head injuries are often fatal, or of sufficient severITy to require the hospITalization of victims. But there is a large group of people who sustain head injuries which can go undetected through ordinary medical examination. These are the people who seemingly recover from their injuries but still suffer subtle intellectual and behavioural effects that may seriously impair their abilITy to work and interact normally wITh other people. They are the victims of what experts call a "silent epidemic". Some never lost consciousness and others never even suffered a direct blow to the head, yet brain damage occurred.

  参考译文

  头部受伤

  爱丽丝在大学的前三年,一直是个4+分的学生。四年级寒假期间,有一天她冒着暴风雨开车外出,车驶离马路,撞上一棵树。爱丽丝的头碰到方向盘上,但她始终没有失去知觉。医生把她碰伤的地方处理了一下,不到一天就让她出院了。

  可是开学以后,她学习吃力起来。原来能得5分、4分,突然都成了3分。看过的东西记不住,性情变得烦躁,很容易心不在焉。

  于是找了一位神经心理学家为爱丽丝作进一步检查。虽然她的智商没有变化,常规神经检查结果也正常,但详细的神经心理检查表明,她的记忆力有问题。她仍然能够处理新信息,但花的时间比以前长,而且如果一次处理得太多,就会“超载”。

  头部受伤往往会造成死亡,或者伤势严重,需要伤者住院治疗。但是有许多人虽然头部受了伤,医院的常规检查却发现不了。这些人受伤以后似乎恢复了,但他们在智力或行为方面仍有不易察觉的后遗

  症,这可能严重影响他们的工作能力和与他人进行正常交往的能力。专家说他们患的是一种“不声不响的流行病”。有的人根本没有失去知觉,有的人甚至头部根本没有受到撞击,然而大脑却受了伤。

  评分标准

  A:原文全部译完,没有遗漏。除了原文最后一段的epidemic这个词外,对原文的理解没有错误;汉语表达流畅,仅有个别错别字。

  B:原文全部译完,可能有个别不重要的遗漏。除了epidemic外,还可能有一两处误译,如subtle, distracted, impair之类,这些都属于通过查词典能正确解决的问题。除此之外,对原文的理解没有大的错误。汉语表达基本通顺,但可能有少数欧化句子和错别字。

  C:原文没有全部译完,有整句的遗漏。原文的基本意思虽然译出来了,但由于考生对原文理解不透,误译较多,而且错误性质属于对英语的基础语法或基本用法缺乏了解。汉语不太通顺,错别字较多。

  D:原文内容有相当大的部分没有翻译或漏译。原文的意思有许多没有表达出来或表达有误。

  二

  DigITal cameras sold an astonishing 5.1 million throughout the US in 2000,up from 3.1 million in 1999. These cameras are getting popular for a good and simple reason:they take better pictures for less money. DigITal cameras have always offered convenience. You don't have to buy films because all your images are saved on reusable memory cards. Press the shutter and you can review your shot immediately on the LCD screen

  译文 :2000年,美国数码相机的销量达到惊人的510万台,而1999年只有310万台。数码相机的流行其原因非常简单:成像质量好且花费少。此外,使用数码相机还能省去不少麻烦。你不用买胶卷,所有的照片都被存在可反复使用的存储卡上。一按快门,就可以马上在液晶显示屏上观察照片的效果。(124字)

  难点注释:

  1)数码相机digITal camera

  2)可反复使用的存储卡reusable memo叮cards

  3)按快门press the shutter

  4)液晶显示屏the LCD screen

  中译英

  一、

  由于历史、政治和经济上的原因,全世界讲英语、用英语的人为数最多。但是英语之所以能在全球流行,除了上述原因之外,也和英语自身的一些特性和特点不无相关。其中最重要的一点就是英语特别容易接受和适应—英语中的词汇吸收了全世界几乎所有主要语言的材料。(113字)

  难点注释:

  1)流行popularITy

  2)自身特性和特点qualITies and characteristics in ITself

  3)不无相关have to do wITh

  4)容易接受和适应receptive and adaptable

  5)吸收take into

  The English language is spoken or read by the largest number of people in the world for historical,polITical,and economic reasons. But IT may also be true that the popularITy of English language has much to do wITh some qualITies and characteristics in ITself. First and most important is ITs extraordinarily receptivITy and adaptabilITy-IT has taken materials into ITs own vocabulary from almost all major languages in the world.

  二、

  多年来,家长和老师都曾得到过这样一种信息:尽量利用任何机会表扬孩子,对他们所干的任何事情都要说好—据说这样做有助于提高孩子的自尊。但是近年来许多教育家和儿童心理学家正在得出一种完全相反的结论,他们认为对孩子往往少一些赞扬为好。(113字)

  难点注释:

  1)得到信息get the message

  2)尽量利用任何at almost any opportunITy

  3)自尊self-esteem

  4)儿童心理学家child psychologist

  5)得出完全相反的结论drawing a completely different conclusion

  For years,parents and teachers got the message that children should be praised at almost any opportunITy,that saying“good job”for everything they do,as they believe,helps raise their self-esteem. But many educators and child psychologists are drawing a completely different conclusion:less praise is often better for their children.

 

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